This session showcases researchers who employ quantitative research methods to study topics in applied sociology. Papers in this session address a range of issues relevant to communities, social programs, public policies, and social trends. Tags: Applied Sociology, Research Methods
There are a number of challenges facing rural economies in Atlantic Canada, namely due to population decline and rural youth out-migration. However, there is a lack of research that examines if, and how rural residents actually percieve economic change in their communities. This paper addresses this gap in the literature by comparing rural and urban perceptions of neighbourhood-level economic change in Atlantic Canadian metropolitan regions. This paper uses 2017 Perceptions of Change survey data to analyze how people percieve and experience change, focusing on perceptions of low-income, work, unemployment and affordability.
Syed Hammad Ali, University of Calgary
While the present literature on contact theory offers substantial evidence that interactions between groups enhance positive inter-group outcomes, only recently have researchers begun to consider how minority/majority population status can moderate this effect. These studies, however, tend to focus on examining the effects of cross-group interactions between members of minority and majority groups on both sides of the inter-group relationship. As a result, not much research has been done to examine how different population sizes of _a _group; that is, in the context of being a minority/majority population in different countries, can moderate its contact effects. Against this research background, this study seeks to fill this research gap by analyzing how different percentages of Muslim population might moderate the effects of Muslims’ interactions with non-Muslims on their inter-group sentiments and interpretations of Islam using two different datasets of Pew Research Center. These two datasets cover more than 30,000 Muslim respondents in 37 countries located in Africa, Central Asia, Middle East, South Asia, South-East Asia, and Southern-Eastern Europe. Second, this research assesses the effect of different types of interactions between Muslims and non-Muslims on the former’s inter-group feelings and understandings of Islam. Consequently, the results of this research highlight two significant findings: 1) Group size moderates contact effect. 2) Different types of interactions varyingly influence Muslims’ levels of religious inclusiveness and positive intergroup feelings. The implications of the above findings on existing global debates on Muslims’ religious views and their sentiments toward non-Muslims are discussed.
Yiyan Li, University of Saskatchewan
With the growing population of immigrants, their civic engagement and integration have become important issues. Literature suggests that civic engagement has a positive influence on immigrants’ well-being and help them for adapting to a new environment. However, empirical research about civic engagement and their meaning for immigrant women remains scarce in terms of quantitative research. My research question is: what aspects have impacts on immigrant women’s integration? Using General Social Survey (GSS) data, this study conducts a secondary analysis. Immigrant women’s integration here focuses on the relations between civic engagements and sense of belonging to Canada. First, indicating immigrant women’s demographic information, including age groups, education levels, health status, job status and marital status, this study identifies where the above aspects diverge. Second, using multinomial logistic regression, I check those aspects’ influence on immigrant women’s membership in organizations, such as political party, educational organizations, and community associations. Potential influences on female immigrant integration are discussed.
Christian Robitaille, University of Ottawa
Belonging to a social group contributes to shaping one’s beliefs, thereby affecting one’s actions. Different beliefs lead to different actions (in both nature _and_ magnitude). In particular, different religious affiliations will, on average, affect individual economic decisions and, therefore, individual economic outcomes. In this paper, I study the impact of religious affiliation on individual rates of time preference. Time preference refers to the propensity to sacrifice present satisfaction in order to increase future satisfaction. Using data from the 2001 Census of the Canadian population, I look at the impact of religious affiliation on investment income (a proxy for past rates of time preference) for individuals aged 61 and older. Two models are used. First, an Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) model allows us to see how much, on average, religious affiliations affect investment income. Second, a logistic regression model is used in order to compare by religious affiliation the odds of receiving at all a non-null investment income (thus suggesting a propensity to sacrifice previous income in the _anticipation_ of obtaining more in the future). The results are largely consistent with the literature on the economics and sociology of religion. Indeed, although there exist a few nuances in terms of cross-regional heterogeneity and in terms of age differences, individuals of Jewish affiliation tend to receive more investment income (and to have a higher propensity to receive one at all) than Protestants, who tend to receive more investment income than Catholics. This communication aims at presenting the general results and methods used, as well as to link them to economic and sociological theories of religion and action.