This session highlights the different ways in which Indigenous communities are adapting to the many challenges they face. Increasingly, Indigenous communities are involved in management within their traditional territories through decision-making processes, partnerships and business ventures. For many, extractive industries are becoming opportunities not only to improve community viability through Impact Benefit Agreements and increased community supports and employment opportunities but also through business and investment opportunities. However, the impact of economic uncertainty, trade agreements, globalization, and climate change can adversely impact small Indigenous communities resulting in long-term instability and affecting community health and well-being. Papers will examine the ways in which Indigenous communities are developing new strategies in or are meeting the demands of the 21st century while at the same time protecting their traditional values, culture, and community viability. Tags: (In)equality, Canadian Sociology, Communities, Culture, Development And Globalization, Economics, Indigenous Studies, Policy And Society, Rural And Urban Sociology
Chris Southcott, Lakehead University
While mining continues to be the most active type of economic development occurring in the Canadian North, there have been few studies that try to understand the overall cost/benefits of a mine on the people that live there. Building on the work of the Resources and Sustainable Development in the Arctic project this paper tries to present an overall understanding of these costs and benefits from a sociological perspective. This paper will use the example of a mine in Faro, Yukon for this purpose. Using available census and economic data, combined with archival material, we can start to see the complexities surround discussion of what are costs and what are benefits especially as concerns Indigenous peoples.
Satenia Zimmermann, Lakehead University; (M.A.) Peggy Smith, Lakehead University; Sara Teitelbaum, University of Montreal; Chris Southcott, Lakehead University; Jennifer Jarman, Lakehead University; Marie St. Amaud, Université du Québec à Montréal
Throughout the 21stcentury federal, provincial and territorial courts have increasingly ruled in favour of First Nations who have sought the court’s assistance in their fight to protect their traditional lands and natural resources. As a result, governments, corporations and ENGO’s have been forced to amend legislation, policies, and practices related to natural resource management, while First Nations have responded by implementing their own local land and resource management policies, establishing Indigenous-owned businesses, and forging new partnerships with corporations and ENGO’s. Ontario is no exception. First Nations, who a decade ago existed on the periphery of the forest sector, are now key players in sustainable forest management. This paper examines the role of the Nawiinginokima Forest Management Corporation (NFMC), the first provincially owned Local Forest Management Corporation established in 2014 under the Ontario Forest Tenure Modernization Act, 2011, in ensuring local First Nations’ involvement in sustainable forest management. Using semi-structured interviews, a northern Ontario case study was developed with information gathered from representatives from Biigtigong Nishnaabeg First Nation, Pic Mobert First Nation, NFMC, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, industry, ENGO’s, and consultants. Participants discuss First Nations’ involvement in the development of the NFMC; the impact the NFMC has had on local First Nations; Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification on the Big Pic, Pic River, and White River forests; the implications of obtaining free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) in forestry; the role of First Nations in forest management planning; and the ways in which Biigtigong Nishnaabeg First Nation and Pic Mobert First Nation are reclaiming their lands and resources through sustainable forest management.
Across Canada, many rural communities are facing “doctor shortages”. This paper critically assesses a recent strategy to address the health care needs of rural residents that is not as focused on doctors and hospitals. At its heart is a different model of community governance. To see how community governance influences health outcomes, we assess the model in use by the North Simcoe Community Health Link led by the Chigamik Community Health Centre to analyze how civic engagement is developed. The Centre has adopted a Social Prescribing approach to combat social isolation, alienation and anomie. The proponents of this model suggest that patients and citizens alike have a voice in the delivery of their health care that goes beyond empty slogans. Further, its advocates claim that the model is responsible for better levels of health and wellbeing of patients, increases community capacity through citizen involvement, and significant system impacts such as greatly reduced emergency room visits and hospital rates.