Race and Sociology Resource Guide

Thank you to Carieta Thomas for compiling the following reading list. Please contact us if you have additional items to share.

Introductory Readings 

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2006). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Bristow, P., & Brand, D. (1994). We’re rooted here and they can’t pull us up: Essays in African Canadian women’s history. University of Toronto Press.

Caldwell, V. F. (1996). Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. Edited by Kimberle Williams Crenshaw et al.

Cooper, A. (2007). The hanging of Angélique: The untold story of Canadian slavery and the burning of Old Montreal. University of Georgia Press.

Du Bois, W. E. (1903). 1989) The Souls of Black Folk. WEB Du Bois: Writings, 357-547.

Feagin, J., & Elias, S. (2013). Rethinking racial formation theory: A systemic racism critique. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36(6), 931-960.

Golash-Boza, T.M. (2018). Race and Racisms: A Critical Approach. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Harris, C. I. (1993). Whiteness as property. Harvard law review, 1707-1791.

Henry, F., Rees, T., & Tator, C. (2010). The colour of democracy: Racism in Canadian society. Nelson Education.

Le Espiritu, Y., & Espiritu, Y. (2011). Asian American panethnicity: Bridging institutions and identities. Temple University Press.

Lipsitz, G. (2006). The possessive investment in whiteness: How white people profit from identity politics. Temple University Press.

Noble, S. U. (2018). Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. NYU Press.

Omi, Michael and Howard Winant. 2015. “The Theory Racial Formation”, Chapter 4 in: Racial Formation in the United States. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. Third edition.

Tettey, W. J., & Puplampu, K. P. (2006). The African diaspora in Canada: Negotiating identity and belonging. University of Calgary Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Exalted subjects: Studies in the making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

West, C. (1995). Critical race theory: The key writings that formed the movement. The New Press.


Annamma, S. A., Connor, D., & Ferri, B. (2013). Dis/ability critical race studies (DisCrit): Theorizing at the intersections of race and dis/ability. Race Ethnicity and Education, 16(1), 1-31.

Artiles, A. J. (2013). Untangling the racialization of disabilities: An intersectionality critique across disability models1. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 10(2), 329-347.

Barclay, J. L. (2014). Mothering the” useless”: Black motherhood, disability, and slavery. Women, Gender, and Families of Color, 2(2), 115-140.

Bell, C. M. (Ed.). (2011). Blackness and disability: Critical examinations and cultural interventions (Vol. 21). LIT Verlag Münster.

McKay-Cody, M. (2020). Multiply Marginalized: Indigenous Deaf Students’ Experiences in Higher Education. JCSCORE, 6(1), 100-101.

Ramirez-Stapleton, L. D., Torres, L. E., Acha, A., & McHenry, A. (2020). Disability Justice, Race, and Education. JCSCORE, 6(1), 28-39.


James, C. E. (2001). Multiculturalism, diversity, and education in the Canadian context: The search for an inclusive pedagogy. Global constructions of multicultural education: Theories and realities, 175-204.

James*, C. E. (2004). Urban education: an approach to community‐based education. Intercultural Education, 15(1), 15-32.

Henry, F., Dua, E., James, C. E., Kobayashi, A., Li, P., Ramos, H., & Smith, M. S. (2017). The equity myth: Racialization and indigeneity at Canadian universities. UBC Press.

Employment, Work, and Organizations

Creese, G., & Wiebe, B. (2012). ‘Survival employment’: Gender and deskilling among African immigrants in Canada. International migration, 50(5), 56-76.

Grace-Edward, G. (2006). Canada’s Economic Apartheid. The Social Exclusion of Racialized Groups in the New Century. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Ray, V. (2019). A theory of racialized organizations. American Sociological Review, 84(1), 26-53.

Tomaskovic-Devey, D. (2014). The relational generation of workplace inequalities. Social currents, 1(1), 51-73.

Wingfield, A. H., & Alston, R. S. (2014). Maintaining hierarchies in predominantly White organizations: A theory of racial tasks. American Behavioral Scientist, 58(2), 274-287.

Gender and Sexuality

Ferguson, R. A. (2004). Aberrations in black: Toward a queer of color critique. U of Minnesota Press.

Gopinath, G. (2005). Impossible desires: Queer diasporas and South Asian public cultures. Duke University Press.

Haritaworn, J., Moussa, G., & Ware, S. M. (Eds.). (2018). Marvellous Grounds: Queer of Colour Histories of Toronto. Between the Lines.

Holland, S. P. (2012). The erotic life of racism (p. 10). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Lord, A. (1988). I am your sister: Black women organizing across sexualities. Women & Therapy, 6(4), 25-30.

Manalansan IV, M. F. (2003). Global divas: Filipino gay men in the diaspora. Duke University Press.

Rodríguez, J. M. (2003). Queer Latinidad: Identity practices, discursive spaces (Vol. 24). nyu Press.

Vaid, U. (2012). Irresistible revolution: Confronting race, class and the assumptions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender politics. Magnus Books. 

Health and Well-Being

Brown, T. N. (2003). Critical race theory speaks to the sociology of mental health: Mental health problems produced by racial stratification. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 292-301.

James, C. E., Este, D., Bernard, W. T., Benjamin, A., Lloyd, B., & Turner, T. (2014). Race & well-being: The lives, hopes, and activism of African Canadians. Fernwood Publishing.

Muñoz, J. E. (2006). Feeling brown, feeling down: Latina affect, the performativity of race, and the depressive position. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 31(3), 675-688.

Waldron, I. (2018). There’s something in the water: Environmental racism in indigenous and black communities. Fernwood Publishing.

Washington, H. A. (2006). Medical apartheid: The dark history of medical experimentation on Black Americans from colonial times to the present. Doubleday Books.


Collins, P. H. (2002). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. Routledge.

Collins, P. H. (2015). Intersectionality’s definitional dilemmas. Annual review of sociology, 41, 1-20.

Crenshaw, K. (1990). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stan. L. Rev., 43, 1241.

Romero, M. (2017). Introducing intersectionality. John Wiley & Sons.

Valdez, Z., & Golash-Boza, T. (2017). Towards an intersectionality of race and ethnicity. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 40(13), 2256-2261.

Post/Decolonial and Global South

Andersen, C. (2008). From nation to population: the racialisation of ‘Métis’ in the Canadian census. Nations and Nationalism, 14(2), 347-368.

Amadahy, Z., & Lawrence, B. (2009). Indigenous Peoples and Black People in Canada: Settlers or Allies?. In Breaching the colonial contract (pp. 105-136). Springer, Dordrecht.

Banerjee, P., & Connell, R. (2018). Gender theory as southern theory. In Handbook of the sociology of gender (pp. 57-68). Springer, Cham.

Canadian Sociological Association’s Decolonization Subcommittee. Indigeneity and Sociology (2020)

Coulthard, G. S. (2014). Red skin, white masks: Rejecting the colonial politics of recognition. U of Minnesota Press.

Emeagwali, G., & Dei, G. J. S. (2014). African indigenous knowledge and the disciplines. Springer.

Go, J. (2018). Postcolonial possibilities for the sociology of race. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 4(4), 439-451.

Fanon, Franz. (1952. 1982). Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press.

Lawrence, B., & Dua, E. (2005). Decolonizing antiracism. Social justice, 32(4 (102), 120-143.

Mohanty, C. (1988). Under Western eyes: Feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Feminist review, 30(1), 61-88.

Sharma, N., & Wright, C. (2008). Decolonizing resistance, challenging colonial states. Social Justice, 35(3 (113), 120-138.

Smith, L. T. (2013). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. Zed Books Ltd..

Coates, T. N. (2015). The case for reparations (pp. 1-50). Columbia University Press.

Race and Immigration

Bloemraad, I., Korteweg, A., & Yurdakul, G. (2008). Citizenship and immigration: Multiculturalism, assimilation, and challenges to the nation-state. Annual review of sociology, 34.

Brady, D. (2015). Culling the Masses: The Democratic Origins of Racist Immigration Policy in the Americas.

Creese, G. (2019). “Where Are You From?”: Growing Up African-Canadian in Vancouver. University of Toronto Press.

Li, P. S. (2003). Deconstructing Canada’s discourse of immigrant integration. Journal of International Migration and Integration/Revue de l’integration et de la migration internationale, 4(3), 315-333.

Mathieu, S. J. (2010). North of the color line: Migration and Black resistance in Canada, 1870-1955. Univ of North Carolina Press.

Walker, B. (Ed.). (2008). The history of immigration and racism in Canada: Essential readings. Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Race and the sociological canon/Social Theory

Jones, L., & Alridge, D. (2017). Aldon Morris. The Scholar Denied: WEB Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015. 320 pp. History of Education Quarterly, 57(1), 148-152.

Dikötter, F. (2008). The racialization of the globe: an interactive interpretation. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(8), 1478-1496.

Fleming, C. M. (2018). Theorizing at the Margins: Du Bois, The Scholar Denied, and the Matter of Black Lives.

Frazier, E. F. (1947). Sociological theory and race relations. American Sociological Review, 12(3), 265-271.

Golash-Boza, T. (2016). A critical and comprehensive sociological theory of race and racism. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 2(2), 129-141.

Reed, K. (2006). New directions in social theory: race, gender and the canon. Sage.

Yosso, Tara J, & Solórzano, Daniel G. (2005). Conceptualizing a Critical Race Theory in Sociology. In The Blackwell Companion to Social Inequalities (pp. 117-146). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.

Racialization of Muslims

Garner, S., & Selod, S. (2015). The racialization of Muslims: Empirical studies of Islamophobia. Critical Sociology, 41(1), 9-19.

Kazemipur, A. (2018). Religion in Canadian Ethnic Landscape: The Muslim Factor. In Immigration, Racial and Ethnic Studies in 150 Years of Canada (pp. 261-280). Brill Sense.

Said, E. W. (1979). Orientalism. Vintage.

Research Methods and Methodology

Al-Faham, H., Davis, A. M., & Ernst, R. (2019). Intersectionality: From theory to practice. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 15, 247-265.

Choo, H. Y., & Ferree, M. M. (2010). Practicing intersectionality in sociological research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions, and institutions in the study of inequalities. Sociological theory, 28(2), 129-149.

Dixon, A. R., & Telles, E. E. (2017). Skin color and colorism: Global research, concepts, and measurement. Annual Review of Sociology, 43, 405-424.

Lewis, A. E. (2004). What group?” Studying whites and whiteness in the era of “color‐blindness. Sociological theory, 22(4), 623-646.

Windsong, E. A. (2018). Incorporating intersectionality into research design: An example using qualitative interviews. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 21(2), 135-147.

Martin, J. L., & Yeung, K. T. (2003, December). The use of the conceptual category of race in American sociology, 1937–99. In Sociological Forum (Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 521-543). Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers.

Social Movements

Cole, D. (2020). The Skin We’re in: A Year of Black Resistance and Power. Doubleday Canada.

The Law, Policing, and the Criminal Justice System

Backhouse, C. (1999). Colour-coded: A legal history of racism in Canada, 1900-1950. University of Toronto Press.

Chan, W., & Chunn, D. (2014). Racialization, crime, and criminal justice in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Ferguson, A. G. (2017). Illuminating black data policing. Ohio St. J. Crim. L., 15, 503.

Maurutto, P., & Hannah-Moffat, K. (2016). Aboriginal knowledges in specialized courts: Emerging practices in Gladue courts. Canadian Journal of Law & Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 31(3), 451-471.

Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Fernwood Publishing.

Audio-Visual Resources

Book TV. April 22, 2014. Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, “Racism without Racists” [Video].


CBC. 2012. Indigenous in the City. The 8th Fire: Aboriginal Peoples and the Way Forward [Video]. https://youtu.be/ELUs4pM_xUY

CBC News. May 22, 2014. Remembering the Komegatu Maru [Video].


Historica Canada. May 21, 2021. The Sikh Migrants who Challenged Canadian Immigration Law [Video]. https://youtu.be/eZyvg_87e6o

Vancouver Sun. March 24, 2018. Canadian Apartheid: Chinese Head Tax and Racism’s Legacy [Video]. https://youtu.be/gkkpHpFV6oE