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Race and Sociology Reading List

Thank you to Carieta Thomas for compiling the following reading list on behalf of the Student Concerns Subcommittee. Please contact us if you have additional items to share.

Reading Headings


Introductory Readings 

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2006). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in the United States. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Bristow, P., & Brand, D. (1994). We’re rooted here and they can’t pull us up: Essays in African Canadian women’s history. University of Toronto Press.

Caldwell, V. F. (1996). Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. Edited by Kimberle Williams Crenshaw et al.

Cooper, A. (2007). The hanging of Angélique: The untold story of Canadian slavery and the burning of Old Montreal. University of Georgia Press.

Du Bois, W. E. (1903). 1989) The Souls of Black Folk. WEB Du Bois: Writings, 357-547.

Feagin, J., & Elias, S. (2013). Rethinking racial formation theory: A systemic racism critique. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 36(6), 931-960.

Golash-Boza, T.M. (2018). Race and Racisms: A Critical Approach. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Harris, C. I. (1993). Whiteness as property. Harvard law review, 1707-1791.

Henry, F., Rees, T., & Tator, C. (2010). The colour of democracy: Racism in Canadian society. Nelson Education.

Le Espiritu, Y., & Espiritu, Y. (2011). Asian American panethnicity: Bridging institutions and identities. Temple University Press.

Lipsitz, G. (2006). The possessive investment in whiteness: How white people profit from identity politics. Temple University Press.

Noble, S. U. (2018). Algorithms of oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. NYU Press.

Omi, Michael and Howard Winant. 2015. “The Theory Racial Formation”, Chapter 4 in: Racial Formation in the United States. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. Third edition.

Tettey, W. J., & Puplampu, K. P. (2006). The African diaspora in Canada: Negotiating identity and belonging. University of Calgary Press.

Thobani, S. (2007). Exalted subjects: Studies in the making of race and nation in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

West, C. (1995). Critical race theory: The key writings that formed the movement. The New Press.

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Annamma, S. A., Connor, D., & Ferri, B. (2013). Dis/ability critical race studies (DisCrit): Theorizing at the intersections of race and dis/ability. Race Ethnicity and Education, 16(1), 1-31.

Artiles, A. J. (2013). Untangling the racialization of disabilities: An intersectionality critique across disability models1. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 10(2), 329-347.

Barclay, J. L. (2014). Mothering the” useless”: Black motherhood, disability, and slavery. Women, Gender, and Families of Color, 2(2), 115-140.

Bell, C. M. (Ed.). (2011). Blackness and disability: Critical examinations and cultural interventions (Vol. 21). LIT Verlag Münster.

McKay-Cody, M. (2020). Multiply Marginalized: Indigenous Deaf Students’ Experiences in Higher Education. JCSCORE, 6(1), 100-101.

Ramirez-Stapleton, L. D., Torres, L. E., Acha, A., & McHenry, A. (2020). Disability Justice, Race, and Education. JCSCORE, 6(1), 28-39.

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James, C. E. (2001). Multiculturalism, diversity, and education in the Canadian context: The search for an inclusive pedagogy. Global constructions of multicultural education: Theories and realities, 175-204.

James*, C. E. (2004). Urban education: an approach to community‐based education. Intercultural Education, 15(1), 15-32.

Henry, F., Dua, E., James, C. E., Kobayashi, A., Li, P., Ramos, H., & Smith, M. S. (2017). The equity myth: Racialization and indigeneity at Canadian universities. UBC Press.

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Employment, Work, and Organizations

Creese, G., & Wiebe, B. (2012). ‘Survival employment’: Gender and deskilling among African immigrants in Canada. International migration, 50(5), 56-76.

Grace-Edward, G. (2006). Canada’s Economic Apartheid. The Social Exclusion of Racialized Groups in the New Century. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press.

Ray, V. (2019). A theory of racialized organizations. American Sociological Review, 84(1), 26-53.

Tomaskovic-Devey, D. (2014). The relational generation of workplace inequalities. Social currents, 1(1), 51-73.

Wingfield, A. H., & Alston, R. S. (2014). Maintaining hierarchies in predominantly White organizations: A theory of racial tasks. American Behavioral Scientist, 58(2), 274-287.

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Gender and Sexuality

Ferguson, R. A. (2004). Aberrations in black: Toward a queer of color critique. U of Minnesota Press.

Gopinath, G. (2005). Impossible desires: Queer diasporas and South Asian public cultures. Duke University Press.

Haritaworn, J., Moussa, G., & Ware, S. M. (Eds.). (2018). Marvellous Grounds: Queer of Colour Histories of Toronto. Between the Lines.

Holland, S. P. (2012). The erotic life of racism (p. 10). Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Lord, A. (1988). I am your sister: Black women organizing across sexualities. Women & Therapy, 6(4), 25-30.

Manalansan IV, M. F. (2003). Global divas: Filipino gay men in the diaspora. Duke University Press.

Rodríguez, J. M. (2003). Queer Latinidad: Identity practices, discursive spaces (Vol. 24). nyu Press.

Vaid, U. (2012). Irresistible revolution: Confronting race, class and the assumptions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender politics. Magnus Books. 

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Health and Well-Being

Brown, T. N. (2003). Critical race theory speaks to the sociology of mental health: Mental health problems produced by racial stratification. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 292-301.

James, C. E., Este, D., Bernard, W. T., Benjamin, A., Lloyd, B., & Turner, T. (2014). Race & well-being: The lives, hopes, and activism of African Canadians. Fernwood Publishing.

Muñoz, J. E. (2006). Feeling brown, feeling down: Latina affect, the performativity of race, and the depressive position. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 31(3), 675-688.

Waldron, I. (2018). There’s something in the water: Environmental racism in indigenous and black communities. Fernwood Publishing.

Washington, H. A. (2006). Medical apartheid: The dark history of medical experimentation on Black Americans from colonial times to the present. Doubleday Books.

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Collins, P. H. (2002). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. Routledge.

Collins, P. H. (2015). Intersectionality’s definitional dilemmas. Annual review of sociology, 41, 1-20.

Crenshaw, K. (1990). Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color. Stan. L. Rev., 43, 1241.

Romero, M. (2017). Introducing intersectionality. John Wiley & Sons.

Valdez, Z., & Golash-Boza, T. (2017). Towards an intersectionality of race and ethnicity. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 40(13), 2256-2261.

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Post/Decolonial and Global South

Andersen, C. (2008). From nation to population: the racialisation of ‘Métis’ in the Canadian census. Nations and Nationalism, 14(2), 347-368.

Amadahy, Z., & Lawrence, B. (2009). Indigenous Peoples and Black People in Canada: Settlers or Allies?. In Breaching the colonial contract (pp. 105-136). Springer, Dordrecht.

Banerjee, P., & Connell, R. (2018). Gender theory as southern theory. In Handbook of the sociology of gender (pp. 57-68). Springer, Cham.

Canadian Sociological Association’s Decolonization Subcommittee. Indigeneity and Sociology (2020)

Coulthard, G. S. (2014). Red skin, white masks: Rejecting the colonial politics of recognition. U of Minnesota Press.

Emeagwali, G., & Dei, G. J. S. (2014). African indigenous knowledge and the disciplines. Springer.

Go, J. (2018). Postcolonial possibilities for the sociology of race. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 4(4), 439-451.

Fanon, Franz. (1952. 1982). Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press.

Lawrence, B., & Dua, E. (2005). Decolonizing antiracism. Social justice, 32(4 (102), 120-143.

Mohanty, C. (1988). Under Western eyes: Feminist scholarship and colonial discourses. Feminist review, 30(1), 61-88.

Sharma, N., & Wright, C. (2008). Decolonizing resistance, challenging colonial states. Social Justice, 35(3 (113), 120-138.

Smith, L. T. (2013). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. Zed Books Ltd..

Coates, T. N. (2015). The case for reparations (pp. 1-50). Columbia University Press.

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Race and Immigration

Bloemraad, I., Korteweg, A., & Yurdakul, G. (2008). Citizenship and immigration: Multiculturalism, assimilation, and challenges to the nation-state. Annual review of sociology, 34.

Brady, D. (2015). Culling the Masses: The Democratic Origins of Racist Immigration Policy in the Americas.

Creese, G. (2019). “Where Are You From?”: Growing Up African-Canadian in Vancouver. University of Toronto Press.

Li, P. S. (2003). Deconstructing Canada’s discourse of immigrant integration. Journal of International Migration and Integration/Revue de l’integration et de la migration internationale, 4(3), 315-333.

Mathieu, S. J. (2010). North of the color line: Migration and Black resistance in Canada, 1870-1955. Univ of North Carolina Press.

Walker, B. (Ed.). (2008). The history of immigration and racism in Canada: Essential readings. Canadian Scholars’ Press.

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Race and the sociological canon/Social Theory

Jones, L., & Alridge, D. (2017). Aldon Morris. The Scholar Denied: WEB Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2015. 320 pp. History of Education Quarterly, 57(1), 148-152.

Dikötter, F. (2008). The racialization of the globe: an interactive interpretation. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(8), 1478-1496.

Fleming, C. M. (2018). Theorizing at the Margins: Du Bois, The Scholar Denied, and the Matter of Black Lives.

Frazier, E. F. (1947). Sociological theory and race relations. American Sociological Review, 12(3), 265-271.

Golash-Boza, T. (2016). A critical and comprehensive sociological theory of race and racism. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 2(2), 129-141.

Reed, K. (2006). New directions in social theory: race, gender and the canon. Sage.

Yosso, Tara J, & Solórzano, Daniel G. (2005). Conceptualizing a Critical Race Theory in Sociology. In The Blackwell Companion to Social Inequalities (pp. 117-146). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.

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Racialization of Muslims

Garner, S., & Selod, S. (2015). The racialization of Muslims: Empirical studies of Islamophobia. Critical Sociology, 41(1), 9-19.

Kazemipur, A. (2018). Religion in Canadian Ethnic Landscape: The Muslim Factor. In Immigration, Racial and Ethnic Studies in 150 Years of Canada (pp. 261-280). Brill Sense.

Said, E. W. (1979). Orientalism. Vintage.

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Research Methods and Methodology

Al-Faham, H., Davis, A. M., & Ernst, R. (2019). Intersectionality: From theory to practice. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 15, 247-265.

Choo, H. Y., & Ferree, M. M. (2010). Practicing intersectionality in sociological research: A critical analysis of inclusions, interactions, and institutions in the study of inequalities. Sociological theory, 28(2), 129-149.

Dixon, A. R., & Telles, E. E. (2017). Skin color and colorism: Global research, concepts, and measurement. Annual Review of Sociology, 43, 405-424.

Lewis, A. E. (2004). What group?” Studying whites and whiteness in the era of “color‐blindness. Sociological theory, 22(4), 623-646.

Windsong, E. A. (2018). Incorporating intersectionality into research design: An example using qualitative interviews. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 21(2), 135-147.

Martin, J. L., & Yeung, K. T. (2003, December). The use of the conceptual category of race in American sociology, 1937–99. In Sociological Forum (Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 521-543). Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers.

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Social Movements

Cole, D. (2020). The Skin We’re in: A Year of Black Resistance and Power. Doubleday Canada.

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The Law, Policing, and the Criminal Justice System

Backhouse, C. (1999). Colour-coded: A legal history of racism in Canada, 1900-1950. University of Toronto Press.

Chan, W., & Chunn, D. (2014). Racialization, crime, and criminal justice in Canada. University of Toronto Press.

Ferguson, A. G. (2017). Illuminating black data policing. Ohio St. J. Crim. L., 15, 503.

Maurutto, P., & Hannah-Moffat, K. (2016). Aboriginal knowledges in specialized courts: Emerging practices in Gladue courts. Canadian Journal of Law & Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 31(3), 451-471.

Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Fernwood Publishing.

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Audio-Visual Resources

Book TV. April 22, 2014. Eduardo Bonilla-Silva, “Racism without Racists” [Video].


CBC. 2012. Indigenous in the City. The 8th Fire: Aboriginal Peoples and the Way Forward [Video]. https://youtu.be/ELUs4pM_xUY

CBC News. May 22, 2014. Remembering the Komegatu Maru [Video].


Historica Canada. May 21, 2021. The Sikh Migrants who Challenged Canadian Immigration Law [Video]. https://youtu.be/eZyvg_87e6o

Vancouver Sun. March 24, 2018. Canadian Apartheid: Chinese Head Tax and Racism’s Legacy [Video]. https://youtu.be/gkkpHpFV6oE

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